Subjects and verbs in a sentence must agree in number. Most writers have little difficulty instilling this agreement in their sentences. However, a few words, typically with Greek roots, can pose problems.
One such word is phenomenon, which means something observable. Phenomenon is singular. The plural form of phenomenon is phenomena. Yet some writers confuse the two.
Take the example sentence in the graphic above, for instance. Phenomena, the subject of the sentence, is plural, and so the verb in the sentence must be plural also. Yet has been understood is singular; have been understood is plural. Thus, the more proper sentence reads